Remedies Syllabus - Fall 2017


Remedies    Fall 2017 
updated  April 6, 2017
3 credits
Tuesday and Thursday evenings
7:55 - 9:30 PM |
Prof. George W. Conk
gconk@law.fordham.edu 
Course Blog: Torts Today 


Office hours by appointment on the hour and half hour.  Please make appointments by email.


Attendance is required.  I must certify good and regular attendance to submit a passing grade.  If you are unable to attend class please drop me a note with brief explanation before class.

Discussion leaders: I will generally make assignments of discussion leaders for each class 6  days before the class meeting.   The assignments will usually be groups of two, in alphabetical order, starting week two.


Please be sure to read all emails from me - and be prepared when you are "on call".

Preparedness is key to competent and satisfactory presentation!

Accountability:  Final exam (take-home - 48 hours) OR term paper (15 + pp well supported) OR Upper Class  Writing Requirement paper (25 pp.)   

Class participation is a substantial factor in grading.
There is no anonymous grading in this seminar class.

Stylistic tips and principles: Rhetoric: Aristotle, RBG, and the art of persuasion

Format of UCWR and Term Papers

Upper Class writing requirement: 
Notice of intent must be filed with Registrar within two weeks of start of semester  
Topics must be approved by me in advance of filing.

  - UCWR outlines due
  - rough drafts due
  - final papers due
Applications for extensions on papers will be considered but must include a statement of reasons, a proposed new date, and be made three days before the due date.  The last possible extended date is December 19.

Term papers (if elected in lieu of exam)

Term paper topic proposals due:    
  - rough drafts due
  - final papers due


I will make assignments of discussion leaders for each class 6 or 7 days before the class meeting.

Take home final  - due by last day of exam period -  .
(48 hour download)

spring 2014 exam and best answer

Materials

Recommended concise hornbook: 
Weaver, et al., Principles of Remedies (West  Academic) 
Second Edition 2011

Required Casebook: 

Weaver, et al. Remedies -  Cases, Practical Problems, and Exercises
Fourth  Edition (West Academic
(all page references to Weaver, 4th edition)
ISBN:  13-978-1-63460-4551


Note I generally focus on cases and do not use the casebook Problems or  Exercises - unless included in the slides  But they are definitely worth reading.

The discussion slides should be reviewed as part of your preparation for class!

 Readings are required unless specified as background, in which case they are recommended.  
Discussion leaders are expected to read the background materials.


Syllabus  (subject to in-course amendment)

Welcome  to Remedies
  Unit 1  Equity 
(4 classes
First class assignment - pages 1-38


Second class: pages 39-87

Introduction to   Remedies

 Chapter 1   pp. 1-8


Chapter 2  - Equity and Equitable Remedies 
Introductory remarks. 
Equitable remedies, equitable defenses, trial by jury [pp. 9-85]

Discussion slides - Ch. 2, Part 1, Equity and Equitable Remedies
Discussion slides - Ch. 2, Part 2, Equity and Equitable Remedies

The right to jury trial 
Chapter 2 - pp. 87-107

Background Respecting the Seventh Amendment - right to jury trial - Joanne Doroshow
The vanishing jury trial - NY Times

Unit 2 - Restitution (2 classes) Chapter 5 - Restitution
(pp. 459-464, 468-469, 471-499)
General Principles, Defenses to Restitution, Measuring the Enrichment, Constructive Trust and Equitable Lien
Discussion slides - Ch. 5 Restitution

Unit 3 Enforcement and Injunctions
(six classes)

Chapter 3 - Enforcement of Equitable Decrees 
Discussion slides - Part 1, Chapter 3
Discussion slides - Part 2, Chapter 3 Civil and criminal contempt, collateral challenges - the duty to obey 

FrCvP 70 Enforcing a Judgment
Federal Rules of Crim. Proc. Rule. 42 

 Problem: the Mayberry case
In Re Little
All Hail Great Judge - Lyrics A Trial by Jury - Gilbert & Sullivan
U.S. v. Patco
Yates v. U.S.
UMWA v. Bagwell
Time-Share Systems v. Schmidt
Vermont Women’s Health Center v. Operation Rescue


Procedural Requirements [pp.120-141]
U.S. v. Wilson
Bloom v. Illinois
Illinois v. Allen
In re Yengo

The Duty to Obey [pp.143-66]

U.S. v. United Mineworkers
Walker v. Birmingham
In re Providence Journal

Background
M.L. King, Jr. on Meet the Press (1965) discussing civil disobedience
In Selma - the movie - King is just one of many heroes
Rev. M.L. King, Jr., Letter from a Birmingham Jail (1963) 
A Call for Unity by Birmingham Clergymen 
An appeal for law and order and common sense (1963)
Stavis: A Century of Struggle for Black Enfranchisement in Mississippi (Miss. L. rev. 1987)

Statutory and Constitutional landmarks

January 23, 1964 Amendment XXIV ratified (bans poll tax)

July 2, 1964 - Civil Rights Act of 1964

August 6, 1965 -  Voting Rights Act of 1965


 Chapter 4 - Injunctions 

Discussion slides: Ch. 4 - Injunctions
Deep background: In Re Debs (1894) (discussion leaders please read)

Preliminary Injunction - Walker v. Kim Davis


Standards for Declaratory Relief   ( pp. 197- 215)

 Chapter 4 - Injunctions 

Discussion slides: Ch. 4 - Injunctions
Deep background: In Re Debs (1894) (discussion leaders please read)

Preliminary Injunction - Walker v. Kim Davis


Standards for Declaratory Relief   ( pp. 197- 215)

Standards for issuance of injunctive relief

Requirements for provisional relief  (p. 215-242)

Hearing requirement (p.244-254)
Persons bound (p. 254-272)

Notice requirement (pp. 272-280)

Bond Requirement (pp. 280-291)

Permanent Injunctions (pp. 294-303)

Framing the injunction  (pp. 303-327)

Judicial review of speech limitations: McCullen v. Coakley (U.S. 2014) Commentary: Richard Posner/Slate


Appeals of Injunction Rulings
(pp. 349-359) (reading only)


Requirements for provisional relief  (p. 215-242)

Hearing requirement (p.244-254)
Persons bound (p. 254-272)

Notice requirement (pp. 272-280)

Bond Requirement (pp. 280-291)

Permanent Injunctions (pp. 294-303)

Framing the injunction  (pp. 303-327)

Judicial review of speech limitations: McCullen v. Coakley (U.S. 2014) Commentary: Richard Posner/Slate


Appeals of Injunction Rulings
(pp. 349-359) (reading only)

Guest lecturer:  Remedies in Chinese tort law
Discussion slides - Susan Finder
discussion slides - George Conk
Susan Finder, J.D., L.L.M. 
[Distinguished Scholar in Residence
School of Transnational Law, Peking University
Visiting Fellow, Centre of Chinese Law
University of Hong Kong
Supreme People's Court Monitor]

Tort Law - PRC  2009 China Law and Practice
Tort Law - PRC 2009 WIPO translation
Punitive damages provisions in Chinese laws (GWC translator)
Supreme People's Court: Rules Regarding Trial of Internet Torts (2014) (translated by George W. Conk)


Unit 4 (four classes)
The Structural Injunction

PART 1

 Public School Integration
Race in America
 Summer of '64 - Mississippi Freedom Summer
Elizabeth and Hazel: Two Women of Little Rock, by David Margolick  Trailer for book
Segregation in suburbia: Levittown's legacy*
Black at Stuyvesant High School*
How the left's embrace of busing hurt the cause of integration - Slate

Desegregation and equal education remedies- a timeline: 

Brown II  (1955) "all deliberate speed."
Jefferson County: 5th Circuit, en banc (1967) "affirmative action"
Intra-district busing approved - Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenberg (1971)
14th Amendment Equal protection does not require equal funding of schools - Rodriguez v. San Antonio (1973)
Detroit: the City-suburb barrier stands  - Milliken v. Bradley (1974)
"Thorough and efficient education" requires equitable spending - Abbott v.Burke (NJ 1985)
The magnet district rejected - Kansas City - Missouri v. Jenkins (1996)
Seattle:  voluntary, race conscious integration barred - Parents Involved (2007)
Washington Legislature held in contempt of court for failure to equitably fund public schools (2014)

All reading is on the School Integration page of Torts Today

All required reading is marked below with an asterisk *

Discussion slides: Intro and Jefferson County
Read:

*Brown v. Board of Education II*  "with all deliberate speed"
*Jefferson County (1967)  5th Circuit * en banc opinion and decree "affirmative action" "Courts shall give great weight to DHEW Guidelines"
*Griffin Bell dissent*

Busing
*Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg County (1971)

Discussion slides - Swann

Video: The Battle for Busing - Retro Report  (10 minutes)
NY Times - related article: text
Reporter's Notebook - C. Drummond Ayres
Equitable spending - Rodriguez v. San Antonio
discussion slides

Background: The Federal role in housing segregation: Economic Policy Institute amicus brief in Texas Department of Housing v. Inclusive Communities Project



Detroit

Motown the musical
Dead End Street - Lou Rawls
Detroit 1967
GM, Detroit, and the Decline of the Black Middle Class - NY Times
NBC News Detroit 1967 52 minutes

discussion slides - Detroit and Kansas City *Milliken v. Bradley (1974)

Missouri v. Jenkins  (1996)   [excerpted in the casebook at p. 326.] Listen to NPR: Kansas City's Failed Schools
Count Basie and the Kansas City 7

The Making of Ferguson- Economic Policy Institute
How School Segregation Divides Ferguson — and the United States - NYTimes.com

Decades of public and private housing discrimination made St. Louis one of the most racially segregated metropolitan areas in the country. A network of school district boundaries has, to this day, divided students in racially separate schools as effectively as any Jim Crow law.


Seattle & Louisville
Discussion slides
*Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1. (2007) 

Historians amicus brief
* Ta-Nehisi Coates  The Case for Reparations


Are race conscious remedies wrong? What about the Texas Ten percent plan?

PART 2 - The Structural Injunction

Equitable Funding via State Constitutional Litigation

Unequal school funding today - NPR April 118, 2016

Is school funding fair? - a National Report Card - Education Law Center

San Antonio


San Antonio Ind. School Dist. v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 1 (1973)

The Story of San Antonio Ind. School Dist. v. Rodriguez, Michael Heise (2007)
Erwin Chemerinsky on the Burger Court's rejection of equitable funding as an equal protection mandate

Connecticut

Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding Memorandum of decision and appendix, September 7, 2016


Unit 6 Attorneys Fees
(2 classes)

Discussion slides
Casebook: (pp. 902 - 925)

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure - FRCP 54 Judgments, Costs*
Model Rules of Professional Conduct 1.5*
42 U.S.C. 1988 - proceedings in vindication of civil rights*
42 U.S.C. 1981a - Damages in case of intentional employment discrimination*
Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. 2412*
Chapter 7, Section F Attorneys Fees 

The American Rule and Counsel fees under fee shifting statutes
Prevailing party fee award - Alaska same sex marriage case

Patent Act Fee awards: What they Really Look Like (2014)
"an exceptional case" - Novartis v. Webvention Holdings (D. MD 2015)

Antitrust: NCAA v. O'Bannon (plaintiffs motion, NCAA opposition)
Order.granting.fees.7.13.2015

O'Bannon discussion slides


The catalyst theory

Compare Buckhannon Board & Care Home v. West Virginia, 532 U.S. 598 (2001) with Mason v. City of Hoboken , 196 N.J. 51 (2008)
Raab v. Ocean City (3rd Cir. 2016)

Contingent fees in personal injury cases - New York
New Jersey - allowance of Attorneys' Fees - R. 4:42-9; Contingent fees in personal injury cases: R. 1:21-7


Court-awarded fees and enhanced contingent fees. Walker v. Guiffre, NJ 2011


Congressional Research Service Attorneys Fee Awards by Federal Courts and Agencies (2008)

Unit 7  Declaratory Relief
  
Chapter 6 - Declaratory Judgments
Casebook (pp 515-567)

Discussion slides

DJ Primer for Legal Aid Attorneys - Sargent Shriver Center

Unit 8  Damages
(6 classes)
Chapter 7 - Damage Remedies

slides - Ch 7, Damages Remedies
slides - Economic loss and death damages - New York State

General Damage Principles ( casebook 579 - 633)


Limits of market measures
Restatement 2d, Torts, Section 911 - Value

Amorita - an Undying Love
Verified complaint

Background:
Report - economic losses - personal injury -Mary Smith - NJ
Report - economic losses - personal injury- Daniel Eckerd - NY
Report - Daniel Jones - economic losses wrongful death - NY

Structured judgments and settlements in New York

CPLR 50A  CPLR 50B
VIDEO explaining operation of CPLR regarding present value

Mass Tort Claims - crafting remedial structures

 A Mass Product Liability Settlement

ASR DePuy Hip Implant Cases  

slides: key elements of the DePuy ASR Product Liability Settlement
Round 2 Settlement Proposal - Childers, Schlueter & Smith, LLC

* Review DePuy ASR page on Torts Today and peruse 
J&J Agrees to pay $420 Million More - Bloomberg

* U.S. ASR Hip settlement - official site

discussion slides Aggregate settlements and the attorney client relationship

Does one size fit all?  Redish and Karaba
Are MDL aggregate settlements unconstitutional denials of due process?

 
The BP Deepwater Horizon Gulf Oil Spill

discussion slides - part 1


ALI Restatement - Economic Loss - draft black letter rules 1 -13*

Req'd reading: items with *

These and other materials are on BP page of Torts Today

First section - the OPA and the GCCF
*Oil Pollution Act of 1990 - (OPA) key provisions

* Liability under the OPA - Judge Carl Barbier, In re Deepwater Horizon,  808 F.Supp.2d 943, 966 (August 26, 2011)
"The Court notes that OPA does not expressly require “proximate cause,” but rather only that the loss is “due to” or “resulting from” the oil spill. While the Court need not define the precise contours of OPA causation at this time, it is worth noting that during oral argument both counsel for BP and the PSC conceded that OPA causation may lie somewhere between traditional “proximate cause” and simple “but for” causation."

*Elements of Liability 33 USC 2702


Statutory Damages under the OPA

Scope of Liability

*Prof. John Goldberg  Memo to BP claims administrator Kenneth Feinberg  re extent of BP's civil liability for damages


GCCF - Overall Status Report, February 10, 2012


Second section - the MDL and the Deepwater Horizon Settlement
MDL: Eastern District of Louisiana: 2:10-md-02179-CJB-SS
Hon. Carl Barbier, D.J.
Orders, minutes & entries - Eastern District web site

discussion slides - introduction to BP Settlement

*Deepwater Horizon Economic Settlement  peruse settlement website
* Economic loss zones
* Exhibit 4B Causation Requirements for Businesses


*Post-remand order - proving causation of damages 12/24/13
 Judge Barbier, fundamentally rejecting BP's challenges.


Issacharoff and Rave, The BP Oil Spill Settlement and the Paradox of Public Litigation, 74 La. L. Rev. 397 (2014) full text at SSRN

Third section - BP's attack on the settlement

Article III, Constitution of the U.S.A.

Rule 23, FRCP

In re Deepwater Horizon - 5th Circuit - rejecting BP challenge to class action approval on damages - March 3, 2014

* In Re Deepwater Horizon Opinion of January 10, 2014, 739 F.3d 790 (5 Cir)

Affirming (2-1) order of Judge Barbier approving economic and property damage -class action settlement


In Re Deepwater Horizon 732 F 3d 526 (5 Cir.) - Opinion and partial remand order on calculation of losses, interpreting Business Economic Loss (10/2/2013)
 *Exhibit 4C Business Economic Losses

* BP Petition for Certification
* Plaintiff class members  Brief in Opposition

ScotusBlog BP Exploration v. Lake Eugenie Page

Fourth section Penalty Phase
Phase 1 trial - findings of fact and conclusions of law (discussion leaders read. Others scan)
*Factors: 33 U.S.C. 1321(b) (8)Pre-trial Statement of U.S. on "most appropriate penalty"
Reply memo by BP and Anadarko 12/19/2014

Fifth section - Managerial Judging and Counsel fees


Counsel fees
* BP Plaintiffs Steering Committee: PSC Status Report and Memorandum in Support of Motion to Establish a Reserve Fund
Order approving settlement - see page 33 - counsel fees.



Federal Rules of Civil Procedure - FRCP 54 Judgments, Costs*
Model Rules of Professional Conduct 1.5*
Contingent fees in personal injury cases - New York
New NY Rule - Option regarding costs of litigation
New Jersey - allowance of Attorneys' Fees - R. 4:42-9; Contingent fees in personal injury cases: R. 1:21-9


Court-awarded fees and enhanced contingent fees. Walker v. Guiffre, NJ 2011


Managerial Judging - Hellerstein, Henderson & Twerski




Unit 10
Special Medical Benefits


The NFL Concussion Settlement
discussion slides
* Sean Morey - objection
This settlement is a sell-out Paul D. Anderson

* Plaintiffs class counsel Memorandum of Law in Support of Settlement

* Brain injury Association - Motion for leave to intervene as amicus

Class action complaint of Turner and Wooden, January 6, 2014

Medical Monitoring
Metro North v. Buckley, 521 U.S. 424 (1997)

Caronia v. Philip Morris (N.Y. 2014)
Donovan v. Philip Morris (Mass. 2009)

BP Gulf Oil Spill
Medical Benefits Settlement  Deepwater Horizon Medical Benefits claims Administrator
Order and Reasons and Order and Judgment 


World Trade Center Health Program

WTC Clinical Center of Excellence